Phonics and Spelling
In the Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 4-5) and Key Stage 1 or Years 1 and 2 (ages 5-6 and 6-7), we use a ‘synthetic’ approach to teaching phonics. This means that children are explicitly taught how certain phonemes (sounds) are represented by certain graphemes (letters or groups of letters), for example the long vowel sound a- can be made by ai, as in maid, a-e as in made, ay as in may and so on. If you would like to see a list of these then you see the National Curriculum for English below (English Appendix 1: Spelling), or a more ‘friendly’ age appropriate version is in the middle of your child’s reading record. This approach to teaching phonics means that the children learn individual letter sounds, to clusters or blends of letters, with those sounds blending to make whole words.
EYFS and Year 1 follow Letters and Sounds for teaching phonics and spelling. From Year 2 to Year 6, we use the No Nonsense spelling programme, which incorporates phonics work as well. You can find an overview of both below.